1. Yi-Tong Wang, Zhen Fang*, Xing-Xia Yang, Ya-Ting Yang, Jia Luo, Kun Xu, Gui-Rong Bao, One-step production of biodiesel from Jatropha oils with high acid value at low temperature by magnetic acid-base amphoteric nanoparticles, Chemical Engineering Journal, 348, 929-939 (2018).
  2. Xing-Xia Yang, Yi-Tong Wang, Ya-Ting Yang, Er-Zhong Feng, Jia Luo*Fan Zhang*, Wen-Jing Yang, Gui-Rong Bao, Catalytic transesterification to biodiesel at room temperature over several solid bases, Energy Conversion and Management, 164, 112-121 (2018).
  3. Ya-ting Yang, Xing-xia Yang, Yi-tong Wang, Jia Luo*, Fan Zhang*, Wen-jing Yang, Jiang-hua Chen, Alcohothermal carbonization of biomass to prepare novel solid catalysts for oleic acid esterification, Fuel , 219, 166-175 (2018).
  4. Fengjiao Lai*, Jia Luo, Dan Jiang, Tongchao Su and Fan Zhang, Iron(III)-modified tungstophosphoric acid supported on silica-pillared montmorillonite as catalysts for fructose conversion to methyl levulinate, Journal of Chemical Technology and Biotechnology, 93(2),  557-568 and 93(5), 1511 (2018).
  5. Yi-Tong Wang, Zhen Fang*, Xia-Xing Yang, Biodiesel production from high acid value oils with a highly active and stable bifunctional magnetic acid, Applied Energy, 204, 702–714 (2017).
  6. Liqun Jiang*, Nannan Wu, Anqing Zheng, Anqi Liu, Zengli Zhao* ,Fan Zhang*, Fang He,Haibin Li, Comprehensive Utilization of Hemicellulose and Cellulose To Release Fermentable Sugars from Corncobs via Acid Hydrolysis and Fast Pyrolysis, ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering, 5 , 5208−5213 (2017).
  7. Fan Zhang*, Xiao-Fei Tian*, Zhen Fang *, Mazloom Shah, Yi-Tong Wang, Wen Jiang, Min Yao, Catalytic production of Jatropha biodiesel and hydrogen with magnetic carbonaceous acid and base synthesized from Jatropha hulls, Energy Conversion and Management, 142, 107–116 (2017).
  8. Jia Luo*, Yating Yang, Xingxia Yang, Bo Han, Guirong Bao, Jing Li, The Formation of Char, Gaseous and Liquid Products during Lignin Carbonization in Super- and Subcritical Solvents, ChemistrySelect, 2, 2828–2831 (2017).
  9. Fan Zhang*, Xiaofei Tian, Mazloom Shah and Wenjing Yang, Synthesis of magnetic carbonaceous acids derived from hydrolysates of Jatropha hulls for catalytic biodiesel production, RSC Advances, 7, 11403-11413 (2017).
  10. Mazloom Shah∗, Fan Zhang, Ashfaq Ahmad, Catalytic conversion of substituted and un-substituted cyclohexanoneinto corresponding enones and phenols by nanocatalysts under acidor base-free reaction conditions, Applied Catalysis A: General, 531, 161-168(2017).
  11. Xiyan Sun*, Xitong Sun and Fan Zhang, Combined pretreatment of lignocellulosic biomass by solid base (calcined Na2SiO3 ) and ionic liquid for enhanced enzymatic saccharification, RSC Advances, 6, 99455–99466 (2016).
  12. XK Li, Zhen Fang*, J Luo, TC Su, Co-production of Furfural and Easily Hydrolysable Residue from Sugarcane Bagasse in 2-Methyltetrahydrofuran/Aqueous Biphasic System, ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering, 4(10), 5804−5813 (2016).
  13. H Li, Zhen Fang*, RL Smith Jr., S Yang, Efficient Valorization of Biomass to Biofuels with Bifunctional Solid Catalytic Materials, Progress in Energy and Combustion Science55, 98–194 (2016).
  14. D Jiang, Zhen Fang*, SX Chin, XF Tian, Biohydrogen Production from Hydrolysates of Jatropha Hulls and Sugarcane Bagasse with Clostridium Butyrium, Scientific Reports6:27205, (2016).
  15. XF Tian, L Rehmann, C Xu, Zhen Fang*, Pretreatment of Eastern White Pine (Pinus Strobes L.) for Enzymatic Hydrolysis and Ethanol Production by Organic Electrolyte Solutions, ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering, 4(5), 2822-2829 (2016).
  16. M Huang, J Luo, Zhen Fang*, H Li, Biodiesel Production Catalyzed by Highly Acidic Carbonaceous Catalysts Synthesized via Carbonizing Lignin in Sub- and Super-critical Ethanol, Applied Catalysis B: Environmental, 190, 103–114 (2016)and 196, 223(2016).
  17. F Zhang, Xue-Hua Wu, Min Yao, Zhen Fang*, YT Wang, Production of Biodiesel and Hydrogen from Plant Oil Catalyzed by Magnetic Carbon-Supported Nickel and Sodium Silicate, Green Chemistry18, 3302-3314 (2016).
  18. H Li, Zhen Fang*, S Yang, Direct Conversion of Sugars and Ethyl Levulinate into γ-Valerolactone with Superparamagnetic Acid-Base Bifunctional ZrFeOx Nanocatalysts, ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering, 4(1), 236-246 (2016).
  19. H Li, Zhen Fang*, S Yang, Direct Catalytic Transformation of Biomass Derivatives into Biofuel Component γ-Valerolactone with Magnetic NiZr Nanoparticles, ChemPlusChem, 81, 135-142, (2016).
  20. TC Su, Zhen Fang*, F Zhang, J Luo, XK Li, Hydrolysis of Selected Tropical Plant Wastes Catalyzed by a Magnetic Carbonaceous Acid with Microwave, Scientific Reports, 5, 17538, (2015).
  21. Zhen Fang*, How Can We Best Solubilize Lignocellulosic Biomass for Hydrolysis? Biofuels Bioproducts and Biorefining, 9, 621–622 (2015) (invited editorial).
  22. F Zhang, Zhen Fang*, YT Wang, Biodiesel Production Direct from High Acid Value Oil with a Novel Magnetic Carbonaceous Acid, Applied Energy, 155, 637–647 (2015).
  23. YT Wang, Zhen Fang*, F Zhang, BJ Xue, One-step Production of Biodiesel from Oils with High Acid Value by Activated Mg-Al Hydrotalcite Nanoparticles, Bioresource Technology,193, 84-89 (2015).
  24. Zhang, Zhen Fang*, Y.T. Wang,  Biodiesel Production Directly from Oils with High Acid Value by Magnetic Na2SiO3@Fe3O4/C Catalyst and Ultrasound, Fuel, 150, 370–377  (2015).
  25. SX Chin, CH Chia, S Zakaria, Zhen Fang, S Ahmad, Ball Milling Pretreatment and Diluted Acid Hydrolysis of Oil Palm Empty Fruit Bunch (EFB) Fibres for the Production of Levulinic Acid, Journal of the Taiwan Institute of Chemical Engineers, 52, 85–92 (2015).
  26. Q. Jiang, Zhen Fang*, Z.L. Zhao, F. He, H.B. Li, 2,3-Butanediol and Acetoin Production from Enzymatic Hydrolysate of Ionic Liquid-pretreated Cellulose by Paenibacillus polymyxaBioresources, 10 (1), 1318-1329 (2015).
  27. L. Wang, J.C. Wang, R.H. Xu, Zhen Fang, A.Z. Liu, Oil Production by the Oleaginous Yeast Lipomyces starkeyi using Diverse Carbon Sources, Bioresources, 9(4), 7027-7040 (2014).
  28. Guo, Zhen Fang*, Shape-controlled Synthesis of Activated Bio-chars by Surfactant-templated Ionothermal Carbonization in Acidic Ionic Liquid and Activation with Carbon Dioxide, Bioresources, 9(2), 3369-3383 (2014).
  29. X. Chin, C.H. Chia, Zhen Fang*, S. Zakaria, X.K. Li, F. Zhang, A Kinetic Study on Acid Hydrolysis of Oil Palm Empty Fruit Bunch (EFB) Fibres Using a Microwave Reactor System, Energy & Fuels28 (4), 2589–2597 (2014).
  30. J. Xue, J. Luo, F. Zhang, Zhen Fang*, Biodiesel Production from Soybean and Jatropha Oils by Magnetic CaFe2O4-Ca2Fe2O5-Based Catalyst, Energy68, 584-591 (2014).
  31. P. Fan, L.Q. Jiang, C.H. Chia, Zhen Fang*, S. Zakaria, K.L. Chee, High Yield Production of Sugars from Deproteinated Palm Kernel Cake under Microwave Radiation via Dilute Sulfuric Acid Hydrolysis, Bioresource Technology153, 69-78 (2014).
  32. Luo, Zhen Fang*, R.L. Smith Jr., Ultrasound-enhanced Conversion of Biomass to Biofuels,Progress in Energy and Combustion Science,41, 56-93 (2014). (Times Cited: 21, Cites/Year = 21)
  33. D. Long, Zhen Fang*, T.C. Su, Co-production of Biodiesel and Hydrogen from Rapeseed and Jatropha Oils with Sodium Silicate and Ni Catalysts, Applied Energy, 113, 1819-1825 (2014). (Times Cited: 12, Cites/Year = 12)
  34. Q. Jiang, Zhen Fang*, X.K. Li, J. Luo, S.P. Fan, Combination of Dilute Acid and Ionic Liquid Pretreatments of Sugarcane Bagasse for Enzymatic Saccharification, Process Biochemistry48, 1942-1946 (2013).
  35. Q. Jiang, Zhen Fang*, X.K. Li, J. Luo, Production of 2,3-Butanediol from Cellulose and Jatropha Hulls after Ionic Liquid Pretreatment and Dilute-Acid Hydrolysis, AMB Express, 3, 48 (2013).
  36. Zhang,Zhen Fang*, Hydrolysis of Cellulose to Glucose at the Low Temperature of 423 K with CaFe2O4-based Solid Catalyst, Bioresource Technology124, 440–445 (2012).
  37. D. Long, Zhen Fang*,Hydrothermal Conversion of Glycerol to Chemicals and Hydrogen: Review and Perspective, Biofuels Bioproducts and Biorefining6, 686-702 (2012).
  38. Guo, Zhen Fang*, T.J. Zhou, Conversion of Fructose and Glucose into 5-Hydroxymethylfurfural with Lignin-Derived Carbonaceous Catalyst under Microwave Irradiation in Dimethyl Sulfoxide-Ionic Liquid Mixtures, Bioresource Technology112, 313-318 (2012). (Times Cited: 35, Cites/Year = 11.7)
  39. Y. Yang,Zhen Fang*(co-first-author), B. Li, Y.F. Long, Review and Prospects of Jatropha Biodiesel Industry in China, Renewable & Sustainable Energy Reviews16, 2178-2190(2012). (Times Cited: 38, Cites/Year = 12.7)
  40. Guo, Zhen Fang*, C. Xu, R.L. Smith Jr., Solid Acid Mediated Hydrolysis of Biomass for Producing Biofuels, Progress in Energy and Combustion Science38, 672-690 (2012). (invited review). (Times Cited: 44, Cites/Year = 14.7)
  41. Q. Jiang,Zhen Fang*, F. Guo, L.B. Yang, Production of 2,3-Butanediol from Acid Hydrolysates of JatrophaHulls with Klebsiella Oxytoca, Bioresource Technology107, 405-410 (2012).
  42. F. Tian, Zhen Fang*,F. Guo, Impact and Prospective of Fungal Pretreatment of Lignocellulosic Biomass for Enzymatic Hydrolysis, Biofuels Bioproducts and Biorefining6, 335–350 (2012).
  43. Guo, N.N. Wei, Z.L. Xiu, Zhen Fang, Transesterification Mechanism of Soybean Oil to Biodiesel Catalyzed by Calcined Sodium Silicate, Fuel, 93:468-472 (2012).
  44. F. Tian, Zhen Fang*, D. Jian, X.Y. Sun, Pretreatment of Microcrystalline Cellulose in Organic Electrolyte Solutions for Enzymatic Hydrolysis, Biotechnology for biofuels4:53 (2011).
  45. L. Pua, Zhen Fang*, S. Zakaria, C.H. Chia, F. Guo, Direct Production of Biodiesel from High-Acid Value Jatropha Oil with Solid Acid Catalyst Derived from Lignin,Biotechnology for biofuels4:56 (2011)
  46. Zhen Fang*, F. Zhang,H.Y. Zeng, F. Guo, Production of Glucose by Hydrolysis of Cellulose at 423 K in the Presence of Activated Hydrotalcite Nanoparticles, Bioresource Technology102, 8017-8021 (2011).
  47. D. Long, F. Guo, Zhen Fang*, X.F. Tian, L.Q. Jiang, F. Zhang, Production of Biodiesel and Lactic Acid from Rapeseed Oil Using Sodium Silicate as Catalyst, Bioresource Technology102, 6884-6886 (2011).
  48. Guo, Zhen Fang*, X.F. Tian, Y.D. Long, L.Q. Jiang, One-step Production of Biodiesel from High-acid Value JatrophaOil in Ionic Liquids, Bioresource Technology102, 6469-6472 (2011). (Times Cited: 41, Cites/Year = 10.3)
  49. Zhen Fang*, Noncatalytic Fast Hydrolysis of Wood, Bioresource Technology102, 3587-3590 (2011).
  50. Den, Zhen Fang*, Y.H. Liu, C.L. Yu, Production of Biodiesel from Jatropha Oil Catalyzed by Nanosized Solid Basic Catalyst, Energy36, 777-784 (2011). (Times Cited: 91, Cites/Year = 22.8)
  51. L. Smith, Jr., Zhen Fang, Properties and Phase Equilibria of Fluid Mixtures as the Basis for Developing Green Chemical Processes, Fluid Phase Equilibria302, 65-73 (2011) (invited review).
  52. Zhen Fang*, R.L. Smith Jr., J.A. Kozinski, T. Minowa, K. Arai, Reaction of D-Glucose in Water at High Temperatures (410 oC) and Pressures (180 MPa) for the Production of Dyes and Nano-particles,The Journal of Supercritical Fluids56, 41-47 (2011).
  53. Den, Zhen Fang*, Y.H. Liu, Ultrasonic Transesterification of Jatropha curcas L. Oil to Biodiesel by a Two-step Process, Energy Conversion and Management51, 2802-2807 (2010). (Times Cited: 81, Cites/Year = 16.2)
  54. Y. Yang, X. Den, Zhen Fang*, D.P. Peng, Selection of High-Oil Yield Seed Sources of Jatropha curcasL. for Biodiesel Production, Biofuels1(5), 705-717 (2010).
  55. L. Smith, Jr., Zhen Fang, Techniques, Applications and Future Prospects of Diamond Anvil Cells for Studying Supercritical Water Systems, The Journal of Supercritical Fluids47, 431-446 (2009) (invited review).



  1. Method, Equipment and Applications for Fast Complete Dissolution and Hydrolysis of Lignocellulosic Biomass. International PCT invention patent #: PCT/CN2008/000623, application date: March 28, 2008; disclosure publication date: Feb. 12, 2009, publication#: WO 2009/018709 A1; Chinese invention patent: CN101638442-A CN101235095-A (Aug., 2008); ZL200710141265.3 (June, 2013) (GRANTED).

         US patent#: 8268126 (Issue date: 09/18/2012).

  1. A Magnetic Solid Catalyst and Its Applications (in lignocellulose hydrolysis). Chinese invention patent: ZL201010243359.3, May 2012 (GRANTED).
  2. A High-efficient and Energy-saving Device for Lignocellulosic Biomass Hydrolysis.  Chinese invention patent#: ZL201020562302.5, Jan. 2011 (GRANTED).
  3. A Reactor System for Ethanol Production, Chinese invention patent, ZL200920253718.6, June 2010 (GRANTED).
  4. A Novel Method (by Using Solid Base Catalyst) for Hydrolysis of Lignocellulosic Biomass. Chinese invention patent: CN101638441-A (Feb, 2010); ZL200910094892.5 (April, 2011) (GRANTED).
  5. A Novel Method (by Using Solid Acid Catalyst) for Hydrolysis of Lignocellulosic Biomass. Chinese invention patent: CN101638442-A (Feb, 2010); ZL200910094893.X (April, 2011) (GRANTED).
  6. A Novel Process for Continuous Extraction of Curcin from Jatropha Seeds. Chinese invention patent: CN101463073-A (June 2009); ZL200910094015.8, Aug. 2011 (GRANTED).
  7. A Continuous Reactor for Bio-Diesel Production. Chinese patent: ZL200820081793.4, July 2009 (GRANTED).
  8. A Method and Equipment to Continuously Produce Bio-Diesel from Jatropha Oil. Chinese invention patent: CN101381613-A (March 11, 2009); ZL200810058974.X, Aug. 2011 (GRANTED).
  9. A High Pressure and High Temperature Flow Reactor for the Production of Biofuels. Chinese patent (utility model): ZL201320359907.8, Dec. 2013 (GRANTED).
  1. An Autoclave Used for Separation and Recovery of Magnetic Catalysts for Biofuels Production. Chinese patent (utility model): ZL201220038727.5, Sep. 2012 (GRANTED).
  1. A Magnetic Solid Catalyst (CaFe2O4) and Its Applications. Chinese invention patent:  CN102513000-A (June, 2012); ZL201110334924.1 (August, 2013)(GRANTED).
  2. A Method to Pretreat and Hydrolyze Microcrystalline Cellulose. Chinese invention patent:  CN102382870-A (March, 2012); ZL201110227943.4 (May, 2013)(GRANTED).
  3. A Method for the Production of Biodiesel Catalyzed by Solid Acid Derived from Lignin. Chinese invention patent: CN102188995-A (Sep. 2011); ZL201110080225.9, March 2013 (GRANTED).
  4. Method for the dissolving and rapid hydrolyzing of lignocellulosic biomass, device thereof and use of the same. Chinese invention patent: CN101974161-A (Feb. 2011); ZL201010297515.4, Oct. 2012 (GRANTED). International PCT invention patent, PCT/CN2011/001099, US patent#: 9243303 (Issue date: 01/26/2016).
  5. A Micro Reactor for the Hydrolysis and Liquefaction of Biomass.Chinese patent (utility model): ZL201320359823.4, Dec. 2013 (GRANTED).
  6. A Method to Produce 5-Hydroxymethylfurfural by Solid Acid Catalysts.Chinese invention patent: CN102399201-A (April, 2012); ZL201110376665.9 (April, 2014) (GRANTED).
  7. A Continuous Flow Reactor for the Production of Soluble Sugars and Biodiesel. Chinese patent (utility model): ZL201420785283.0, (March, 2015)(GRANTED).
  8. A Method to Synthesize Mesoporous Activated Biochars. Chinese invention patent, ZL201310331615.8, (March, 2015) (GRANTED).
  9. Method of Completely Dissolving and Rapidly Hydrolyzing Cellulose, and Uses of Said Method. International PCT invention patent, PCT/CN2010/001253 (2010).

         US patent#: 9115215 (Issue date: 08/25/2015).



  1. C.Y. Yang, Z.F. Xu, Zhen FANG and 4 others, Jatropha nigroviensrugosus CY Yang, Certificate#: Yunlin Yuanzhi Xindeng 20110037, The Forestry Department of Yannan province, Dec. 15, 2011.
  2. C.Y. Yang, Z.F. Xu, Zhen FANG and 4 others, Jatropha curcas cv. multiflorm CY  Yang, Certificate#: Yunlin Yuanzhi Xindeng 20110036, The Forestry Department of Yannan province, Dec. 15, 2011.
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